当前位置:首页> 公寓新闻 > 老年公寓建筑特点
老年公寓建筑特点
[来源:原创] [作者:567zx] [日期:19-01-08] [浏览次数:]

老年公寓建筑特点
Architectural features of apartments for the elderly
特点一:
Features 1:
老年公寓能为中高经济实力的老年人提供个性化的居住条件和人性化的服务内容。在北京、上海、广州等经济发达的大城市,存在着一批占当地老年人口总数将近6%以上的中高收入老年群体,他们认为养老条件,无论从居住条件还是养老服务水平方面都不能满足他们日益提高的养老需求,因此他们逐渐关注能够满足其养老需求的新型养老模式--老年公寓。
Apartments for the elderly can provide personalized living conditions and humanized service content for the middle and high economic strength of the elderly. In Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou and other large cities with developed economy, there are a group of middle-income and high-income elderly groups, which account for nearly 6% of the local elderly population. They believe that the old-age pension conditions, whether from living conditions or the level of old-age service, can not meet their increasing needs for old-age support. Therefore, they gradually pay attention to the new old-age pension mode, which can meet their needs for old-age support. Year apartment.
特点二:
Features two:
老年公寓属于商业房地产范畴,具有“福利性事业、市场化经营”的特点。我国人口众多,经济发展不均衡,人口贫富差距悬殊,并且属于低福利水平国家,所以政府主要关注并解决社会“低保”、“五保”等处于弱势的老年人群的养老问题,而对中高收入人群养老生活关注的较少,只有一些粗放的政策,并且在现实运用过程中可操作性差。同时由于老年公寓属于新兴事物,它是老年人社会化养老和社会化投资并企业化经营的房地产开发的混合体,有关部门在政策制定和操作方面相对滞后,所以一般开发商在税费减免、金融支持方面得不到相应的优惠,对于具有社会化养老性质的老年公寓,开发商需要完全按照市场条件解决项目立项、项目审批、资金筹措等一系列问题。由于以上原因,老年公寓运营需应遵循市场规律,走“福利性事业、市场化经营”的道路。
The apartment for the aged belongs to the category of commercial real estate and has the characteristics of "welfare undertakings and market-oriented management". Our country has a large population, uneven economic development, disparity between the rich and the poor, and belongs to a country with low welfare level. Therefore, the government mainly pays attention to and solves the pension problems of the disadvantaged old people such as "low social security" and "five social security". However, it pays less attention to the pension life of the middle and high income groups, only has some extensive policies, and is operable in the practical application process. Poor. At the same time, as the apartment for the aged is a new thing, it is a mixture of the old people's social pension and the real estate development of socialized investment and enterprise management. The relevant departments lag behind in policy formulation and operation, so the general developers can not get the corresponding preferential treatment in tax and fee reduction and financial support. For the apartment for the aged with the nature of social pension, the developers need it. A series of problems, such as project establishment, project approval and fund raising, should be solved in full accordance with market conditions. Because of the above reasons, the operation of apartments for the aged should follow the market rules and take the road of "welfare undertakings and market-oriented management".
特点三:
Features three:
老年公寓项目相对于一般房地产项目投资额大、资金回收期长。老年公寓项目不同于一般房地产项目,它不仅包括住宅本身,还包括许多服务配套项目,并且在设施、设备规划设计、安装方面都要结合老年人的特点,有专家称老年公寓的总体造价要比普通房地产项目高五成至一倍。另外老年公寓的租售方式比一般住宅更为复杂,一般住宅都通过住宅销售实现房地产开发的最终目的,而老年公寓则需要根据老年人市场需求的多种形式,采取租、售结合的方式满足老年人入住,其中一定比例的住宅面积可以实现销售,另一部分须满足租用、度假等需求,并且公共服务设施更需要通过经营来实现收回投资,因此老年公寓的运营模式要采取灵活多样的销售方式保证其正常经营。
Compared with the general real estate project, the old apartment project has a large investment and a long payback period. The apartment project for the elderly is different from the general real estate project. It includes not only the housing itself, but also many service supporting projects. It also combines the characteristics of the elderly in facilities, equipment planning, design and installation. Some experts say that the overall cost of the apartment for the elderly is 50% to double that of the ordinary real estate project. In addition, the rental and sale mode of apartments for the elderly is more complex than that of ordinary houses. The general houses realize the ultimate goal of real estate development through residential sales, while apartments for the elderly need to adopt a combination of rent and sale to meet the needs of the elderly market in a variety of forms. A certain proportion of the residential area can be sold, and the other part must meet the rental and vacation needs. Such as demand, and public service facilities need to be managed to recover investment, so the operation mode of apartments for the elderly should adopt flexible and diverse sales methods to ensure their normal operation.