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影响养老机构入住率的25个因素
[来源:原创] [作者:aoutmy] [日期:17-06-22] [浏览次数:]
1.地理位置 1. Geographical location 从调研的情况来看,从地理位置因素上分析,城乡结合处养老机构入住率比城市市区入住率低一个等级或以上的概率可能性增加12%(推算模型及过程略去)。设在人口密集、老人众多的旧城区,要比设在城郊、城乡结合部有更高的入住率;设在周边有商场、医院等配套设施齐全的机构要比设在周边配套不齐全的机构入住率高;购买医保、社保等保险数量多的地区比地处农村、城乡结合部保险制度不健全的地区入住率高;经济状况较好的地区比经济收入状况欠佳的地区入住率高。 From the perspective of the situation of research and analysis from the location factors, urban and rural junction pension agency occupancy rate is lower than urban areas occupancy 12% more likely the probability of a level or above (omit) prediction model and process. The old urban areas, which are densely populated and old, have a higher occupancy rate than those in the suburbs or urban and rural areas. Located in the surrounding areas with facilities such as shopping malls, hospitals and other supporting facilities, the occupancy rate is higher than those in the surrounding facilities. The areas with more insurance, such as health insurance and social security, have a higher occupancy rate than those in rural areas with inadequate insurance system. Regions with better economic conditions have higher occupancy rates than those in poorer economies. 2.医疗条件 2. Medical conditions 养老机构的医疗条件也是老人决定是否入住的关键因素,许多老人选择入住养老设施正是因为在家中得不到及时的护理和医疗援助。我们在全国多个城市的问卷调研发现,许多老人反复强调了养老机构要有快速、便捷的急救处置通道,包含及时发现病情,应急救助,转送对接医院等。如果有条件设置医院,则希望能设置老人最常看的几个科室,包括全科、中医、小外科、心脑血管、骨科、神经内科等,并且最好能与各大特色医院合作,以保证较高医疗水平。同时,老人们还强调了公寓中的医疗机构最好要纳入医保体系,满足报销的要求。我们发现,那些配备医疗资源的养老机构其入住率远高于无医疗资源的养老机构。 The medical condition of the pension system is also a key factor for the elderly to decide whether to stay. Many old people choose to stay in the pension facilities because they cannot receive timely care and medical assistance at home. Our questionnaire survey found in several cities in China, many old people repeatedly emphasized the endowment institutions should have a quick and convenient emergency disposal channels, include the timely detection, emergency rescue, the forwarding docking hospital, etc. If there are conditions set up hospital, hoping to set up the old man most often watch several departments, including the general, the doctor of traditional Chinese medicine, surgery, heart head blood-vessel, orthopedics, neurology, etc., and it is best to cooperate with each big special hospital, to ensure the higher medical level. At the same time, the old people also stressed that the medical institutions in the apartments should be included in the health care system to meet the requirements of reimbursement. We found that those with medical resources had a much higher occupancy rate than those without medical resources.