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养老院消防安全存在的问题
[来源:原创] [作者:aoutmy] [日期:17-07-05] [浏览次数:]
建筑防火条件差 Poor building fire conditions 很多养老院都是用闲置的民宅、厂房、教室改造而来,有的甚至使用易燃可燃彩钢板搭建而成,存在严重的先天性隐患。河南鲁山发生大火的养老院就是采用易燃彩钢板搭建的。 Many nursing homes are built with idle homes, workshops and classrooms. Some are even made of combustible and combustible steel plates. There are serious inherent dangers. The nursing home where the fire broke out in the henan province is built with flammable colored steel. 消防设施匮乏 Lack of fire facilities 多数养老院缺乏必要的火灾报警、自动灭火设施,有的甚至连基本的消火栓、灭火器都没有。 Most nursing homes lack the necessary fire alarm, automatic fire extinguishing facilities, or even basic hydrants and fire extinguishers. 用火用电混乱 Use fire to power the mess 违章动用明火、老人卧床吸烟,夏季点蚊香、冬季电采暖,电气线路私拉乱接、老化严重,这些都是养老院火灾的主要诱因,占火灾总数的60%以上。 Illegal use of fire, the old man smoking in bed, the summer point mosquito-repellent incense, winter heating, electrical wiring network connecting, aging serious, these are the principal cause of the fire, nursing home to more than 60% of the total number of fire. 人员逃生自救难 A man's escape is difficult 居住老人大多年老体弱,行动不便,生活不能自理,没有自救逃生能力。加之护工普遍数量不足,没有接受消防培训,小火不会扑救,遇险不懂疏散。 Most of the elderly people are old and weak, and are unable to act, and have no ability to help themselves. In addition, the protection workers are generally insufficient, and do not receive fire training, the small fire will not save, the distress does not understand the evacuation. 日常消防管理松懈 Daily fire control is lax 一些养老院消防安全意识不强,制度不落实,管理不到位。2009年吉林辽源一养老院发生火灾,管理人外出买菜将房间锁闭,致使房间内6名老人无法逃生而死亡。 Some nursing home fire safety awareness is not strong, the system is not implemented, the management is not in place. In 2009, a fire broke out at a nursing home in liaoyuan, jilin province, and the manager went out to buy vegetables to lock the room, causing six old people in the room to die.